Navratri 2020

Navratri 2020: Date, Times and significance of the 9 days of celebration

Goddess Durga is the supreme appearance of Brahman, who was manifested to obliterate the devil, Mahisasura. She showed in nine unique structures to kill the evil presence and all her nine indications are adored on every one of the nine evenings of Navaratri. The nine types of Durga are called Navadurga. Each type of Durga is unique and holds a different significance.

प्रथमं शैलपुत्री च द्वितीयं ब्रह्माचारिणी।
तृतीय चंद्रघण्टेति कुष्माण्डेति चतुर्थकम्।
पंचमं स्कन्दमातेति षष्ठं कात्यायनीति च।
सप्तमं कालरात्रि महागौरीति चाऽष्टम्।
नवमं सिद्धिदात्री च नवदुर्गा प्रकीर्तिताः।

NavaDurga represents nine structures adi-shakti Goddess Durga. During Navratri.She is normally celebrated with the name “NavaDurga”, “Devi” (goddess) or “Shakti” (energy or force). In this way, Navratri nine evenings viewed as propitious to adore the nine planets and nine divinities.

Navratri Navdurga Navgraha
1st Shailaputri Moon
2nd Brahmacharini Mars
3rd Chandraghanta Venus
4th Kushmanda Sun
5th Skandmata Mercury
6th Katyayni Jupiter
7th Kalaratri Saturn
8th Mahagauri Rahu
9th Sidhidatri Ketu


Navratri pooja starts with the love to the Goddess Shailaputri. She is the principal type of Durga, an epitome of the intensity of Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma. She is the little girl of the ruler of the Mountains, otherwise called Hemavati. She is seen with two hands, in the correct she conveys a spear and in the left, a lotus, and rides on a bull. On her temple is seen a bow moon. She is the Goddess of Nature and she cares for every single living being of the earth with absolute sympathy. Planet Moon is administered by this Goddess and any awful impact of the Moon can be overwhelmed by loving this Goddess.

Significant realities about Maa Shailputri

Origin: After self-immolation in her form as Sati, the Mother Goddess took birth in the place of King of Mountains, as the little girl of Lord Himalaya.Which means: Shailaputri in a real sense implies the little girl (putri) of the mountain (shaila)

Date of worship: first day of Navratri

Planet: Moon

Most loved Flower: Hibiscus

Most loved Color: Orange

Shailputri Mantra: Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah (ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नम:)

Different Names: Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati

Appearance: Devi Shailaputri is portrayed with two hands and has a sickle moon on her temple. She holds a harpoon in her correct hand and a lotus bloom in the left. She rides on mount Nandi (bull)


Goddess Brahmacharini is venerated on the second day of Navratri. As she performed extreme severity and compensation to make sure about Lord Shiva as her partner, she is called Brahmacharini. She is seen holding a rosary and kamandal in her lotus hand. She is viewed as the holder of all information and insight. It is trusted Mars, the planet of all favorable circumstances is administered by this Goddess. She is revered by aficionados for passionate quality, mental equalization and certainty to manage troublesome periods throughout their life. To dispose of self image, sluggishness, ravenousness, capacity to remain without food, one needs to petition her.

Significant Realities about Maa Brahmacharini

Origin: After the Shailputri structure, the Mother Goddess took birth at the home of Daksha Prajapati, as his little girl, Sati, who was destined to wed Shiva. This unmarried type of the Mother Goddess is loved as Brahmacharini. Which means: “Brahm” alludes to Tapa and her name implies – The person who performs Tapa.

Date of worship: second day of Navratri (Dwitiya Tithi)

Planet: Mars

Most loved Flower: Chrysanthemum bloom

Most loved Color: White

Brahmacharini Mantra: Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah (ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नम:)

Different Names: Tapascharini, Aparna and Uma

Appearance: Walks on uncovered feet, conveying a Japa mala in her correct hand and a kamandalu in her left hand.


The third day of Navratri is committed to Goddess Chandragantha. As she has a half moon (Chandra) looking like a ringer (gantha) on her temple, she is named Chandragantha. She has a skin of brilliant tone, with three eyes, ten hands and rides a tigress. The sound of the chime on her temple drives away all negative energies of her lovers. By her gifts, all obstructions, agonies, distresses in the enthusiast’s life gets eliminated. Planet Venus is accepted to be administered by this Goddess.

Significant realities about Maa Chandraghanta

Origin: Goddess Chandraghanta is the hitched type of the Mother Goddess following on from Shailputri and Mahagauri. Subsequent to getting hitched to Shiva, Goddess Mahagauri began decorating her temple with a half-moon(Chandra) molded like a bell(Ghanta) because of which, she got known as Goddess Chandraghanta.

Date of Worship: third Day of Navratri (Tritiya Tithi)

Planet: Venus

Most loved Flower: Lotus

Most loved Color: Red

Chandraghanta Mantra: Om Devi Chandraghantayai Namah (ॐ देवी चन्द्रघण्टायै नम: )

Different Names: Chandrakhanda, Chandika, and Rannchandi

Appearance: Goddess Chandraghanta mounts the tigress. She wears the semi-roundabout moon(Chandra) on her brow. The half-moon on her brow resembles the bell(Ghanta) and henceforth, Her name. She is portrayed with ten hands. Goddess Chandraghanta conveys Trishul, Gada, blade, and kamandalu in Her four remaining hands and keeps the fifth left hand in Varadamudra. She conveys a lotus blossom, bolt, Dhanush and Japa Mala in her four right hands and keeps the fifth right hand in Abhaya Mudra.


Goddess Kushmanda is venerated on the fourth day of Navratri. She made the entire universe as a vast egg with her awesome grin. As she has eight hands, she is called Ashtabhuja. Her brilliant body is of brilliant tone and she is seen mounted on a lion. She gives the course and energy to the Sun and she oversees Planet Sun. Endowments of this Goddess help draw in riches, wellbeing, distinction, flourishing and quality in one’s life. She adores the penance of a pumpkin.

Significant realities about Goddess Kushmanda

Origin: After appearing as Siddhidatri, the Mother Goddess began living inside the Sun subsequently freeing the Sun’s energy to the universe. From that point forward, this type of the Goddess has been known as Kushmanda, to be specific for her capacity and ability to live inside the Sun. Which means: Ku implies nearly nothing, Ushma implies energy and Anda implies enormous egg.

Date of Worship: fourth day of Navratri (Chaturthi Tithi)

Planet: Sun

Most loved Flower: Jasmine

Most loved Color: Royal Blue

Kushmanda Mantra: Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नम

Appearance: Kushmanda is portrayed with eight to ten hands holding a spear, plate, blade, snare, mace, bow, bolt and two containers of nectar (Elixir) and blood. Her one hand is consistently on abhayamudra from which she favors every one of her fans. She rides on a tiger.

Skanda Mata

She is the fifth sign of Goddess Durga who is adored on the fifth day of Navratri. She is the mother of Skanda and one can see Skanda situated on her lap. She has four arms and three eyes. Venerating her gives massive gifts of harmony and bearing in one’s life. All strains move cleaned away.

Significant realities about Skandamata

Origin: In her structure as the mother of the God of War, Lord Skanda(Kartikeya), she is known as Goddess Skandamata, which means: Mother of Lord Skanda

Date of  Worship: fifth day of Navratri

Planet: Mercury

Most loved Flower: Yellow Rose

Most loved Color: Yellow

Skandamata Mantra: Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah (ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नम:)

Different Names: Padmasana

Appearance: Goddess Skandamata mounts the fierce lion. She conveys infant Skanda in her lap. Goddess Skandamata is portrayed with four hands. She conveys lotus blossoms in Her upper two hands. She holds infant Skanda in one of Her correct hands and keeps the other right hand in Abhayamudra.


The 6th indication of Goddess Durga is Katyayani, who is adored on the 6th day of Navratri. She is the girl destined to Sage katyayan after his serious atonement to Devi Bhagawati to have the Goddess as his little girl. Planet Brihaspati is administered by this Goddess. Going to her will assist one with emerging from oppression or abuse of victimizers. Additionally little youngsters watch diets to look for her endowments to get an appropriate man of the hour.

Significant realities about Goddess Katyayani

Origin: To decimate evil presence Mahishasura. The little girl of sage Katyayana, who manifested to support Devas which means: The name of Goddess Katyayani is being conceived in the Katya clan.

Date of Worship: sixth day of Navratri

Planet: Jupiter

Most loved Flower: Marigold

Most loved Color: Green

Skandamata Mantra: Om Devi Katyayanyai Namah (ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नम:)

Appearance: Goddess Katyayani rides on a great lion and is portrayed with four hands. She conveys a lotus bloom and blade in her left hands individually and keeps her correct hands in Abhayamudra and Varadamudras.


She is revered on the seventh day of Navratri. She is dark in shading and rides on a jackass. Planet Saturn is administered by this fiercest and most brutal type of Goddess Parvati. Behind her fierce nature, her favorable force is there to favor lovers with valor and strong security. Because of her favorable nature, she is called Goddess Shubhankari.

Significant realities about Goddess Kalaratri

Origin: This is the fiercest and the most brutal type of the Mother Goddess, in which she shows to crush the devils, Sumbha and Nisumbha. Which means: Goddess of the Night. Likewise alluded to as the person who is the demise of time. This structure principally portrays that life likewise has a clouded side – the brutality of Mother Nature that incorporates demise and devastation.

Date of Worship: seventh day of Navratri

Planet: Saturn

Most loved Flower: Krishna kamal

Most loved Color: Gray

Kalaratri Mantra: Om Devi Kalaratryai Namah ( ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नम:)

Different Names: Goddess Shubhankari

Appearance: Her composition is dim dark and She rides on a jackass. She is portrayed with four hands. Her correct hands are in Abhayamudra and Varadamudra. She conveys a blade and destructive iron snare in her left hands.


On the eighth day of Navratri, Goddess Mahagauri is adored. Because of her extremely reasonable appearance, she is called Mahagauri. As she enhances just white garments, she is called Shwetambardhara. She is portrayed with four hands and rides a bull. Planet Rahu is represented by this Goddess.

Significant realities about Goddess MahaGauri

Origin: Goddess Shailputri at sixteen years old was amazingly excellent and favored with a reasonable appearance. Because of her 0amazingly reasonable appearance, she was known as Goddess Mahagauri, which means: The name Mahagauri implies incredibly white, as she was white in shading and extremely wonderful (Maha = extraordinary; Gauri = white).

Date of Worship : eighth day of Navratri (Maha Ashtami)

Planet: Rahu

Most loved Flower: Night-blossoming jasmine, mogra

Mahagauri Color: Purple

Mahagauri Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah (ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नम:)

Different Names: Vrisharudha

Appearance: She rides the bull, much the same as Goddess Shailputri. She has four arms, holding a Trishul in one of her correct hands and portrays the Abhayamudra with the other right hand. She conveys a tambourine or Damaru in one remaining hand and portrays the Varadamudra or kamandalu in her other left hand.


On the ninth day of Navratri, Goddess Siddhidatri is revered. Writings state that the incomparable Goddess of intensity, Adi Parashakthi showed up as Siddhidatri from the left 50% of Lord Shiva and Shiva got the name Ardhanarishwara. She offers a wide range of siddhis or consummations to her fans. All the desires get satisfied by her endowments and she fills one with an inspirational viewpoint and energy to complete one’s objectives. Planet Ketu is administered by this Goddess. She is revered by people, however by Gods, gandharvas, devils, monsters and demi divine beings.

 Significant realities about Siddhidatri Devi

Origin: At the start of the universe, Lord Rudra loved the unmanifest type of the Mother Goddess, Adi Parashakti for creation. As Adi Parashakti, the Mother Goddess was unadulterated energy and had no structure. She in this way showed up as Siddhidatri from the left 50% of Shiva. Which means: Siddhi implies heavenly force or the capacity to accomplish a feeling of a definitive wellspring of creation and presence and Dhatri implies the supplier.

Date of Worship: ninth day of Navratri (Maha Navami)

Planet: Ketu

Most loved Flower: Champa

Siddhidatri Color: Peacock Green

Siddhidatri Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah (ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नम)

Different Names: Ardhanarishwar

Appearance: Goddess Siddhidatri sits on Kamal and rides on the lion. She is portrayed with four hands. She has Gada in the one right hand, Chakra in the other right hand, lotus blossom in the left hand and Shankh in the other left hand.

Date and Tithi of Navratri

October 17, Day 1 – Pratipada, Ghatasthapana, Shailputri Puja

October 18, Day 2 – Dwitiya, Chandra Darshana, Brahmacharini Puja

October 19, Day 3 – Tritiya, Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja

October 20, Day 4 – Chaturthi, Kushmanda Puja, Vinayaka Chaturthi, Upang Lalita Vrat

October 21, Day 5 – Panchami, Skandamata Puja, Saraswati Avahan

October 22, Day 6 – Shashthi, Katyayani Puja, Saraswati Puja

October 23, Day 7 – Saptami, Kalaratri Puja

October 24, Day 8 – Ashtami, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Sandhi Puja, Maha Navami

October 25, Day 9 – Navami, Ayudha Puja, Navami Homa, Navratri Parana, Vijayadashami

October 26, Day 10 – Dashami, Durga Visarjan

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Written by Astrologer Bharat Saini

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